Focused primarily on improvements in structural design of concrete slabs and beams, prof. Soil movement due to lateral spreading can exert significant stresses and damage in foundations and bridge. Matrix of iec material for earthquake safety and preparedness. The scale was developed by a seismologist named charles richter. During earthquake shaking, the lintel band undergoes bending and pulling actions. Seismic analysis of podium structure using static and dynamic methods 1nedunuri vishnu vardhan. However, in hilly areas, stone masonry with mud mortar is more prevalent. Earthquake is a natural phenomenon occurring with all uncertainties during the earthquake, ground motions occur in a. Why it is so hard to get an earthquake warning system. The total height of the building above grade is 36 m. Seismic retrofitting techniques are required for concrete constructions which are vulnerable to damage and failures by seismic forces.
Iitkgsdma guidelines for seismic design of earth dams. It created a considerable interest amongst the professionals associated with construction activities in any form, as well as the nonprofessionals regarding the earthquake safety issues. All eq tips from iit kanpur earthquakes plate tectonics scribd. Seeing the interest of the readers in the tips, we are happy to place all the twenty four tips in. Building materials and technology promotion council, new delhi. All books are in clear copy here, and all files are secure so dont worry about it. Learning earthquake tip 1 earthquake design and construction. During earthquakes, separated blocks can oscillate independently and even hammer each other if they are too close. National information centre of earthquake engineering, indian institute of technology, kanpur, india. Floor bends with the beam but moves all columns at that level. All eq tips from iit kanpur free download as pdf file. It may be reproduced without changing its contents and with due acknowledgement. Earthquake tips have been brought out by the department of civil engineering, lit kanpur and sponsored by building materials and technology promotion council, new delhi, india. Large strain energy released during an earthquake travels as seismic waves in all directions through the earths layers, reflecting and refracting at each interface.
Activist, teach for india mr gunvant jain dr sandeep. Therefore, structures may sink and destabilize, if supported by such soil figure 4b. Dr brzev to iit kanpur, and the support of numerous donors. Murty is the author of very popular iitk bmtpc earthquake tips, a public education series on learning earthquake resistant design and construction. Iitk bmtpc earthquake tips learning seismic design and construction.
C v r murty indian institute of technology kanpur, kanpur 208 016, indio. Remedial measures to seismic effects for architectural and structural design. This will allow the band to support walls loaded in their weak direction by walls loaded in their strong direction. Learning earthquake tip 17 earthquake design construction. All dimensions relating to concrete construction click here to know more.
Workers build a seismic monitoring site in joshua tree national park near californias san andreas fault. Chairman, programme advisory committee, mathematical. Therefore, jammu and kashmir state in india came in the range and. A comparative study of all the types of frames will shed light on the best suited frame to be adopted for seismic loads in indian scenario. Even if horizontal bands are provided, masonry buildings are weakened by the openings in their walls figure 1.
Oxfored university press ymca library building, jai singh road, new delhi. Construction materials in india, most nonurban buildings are made in masonry. Program on earthquake engineering education npeee and. Afghanistan earthquake occured on active fault line. An earthquake is a sudden slipping or movement of a portion of the earths crust caused by a sudden release of stresses usually less than 25 miles below the surface cert basic training unit 1. These articles are reproduced here with permission from lit kanpur and bmtpc, new delhi. Figure 1a, during earthquake shaking all columns move horizontally by the.
This release is a property of iit kanpur and bmtpc. This site is like a library, you could find million book here by using search box in the header. Iitkbmtpc earthquake tip 31 why do buildings sink into the ground during earthquakes. Iitk bmtpc earthquake tips 6, how architectural features affect buildings during earthquakes.
Seismic retrofitting techniques for concrete structures. Learning earthquake tip 7 earthquake design and construction. Total horizontal earthquake force in a building increases downwards along its height. Iitkbmtpc eqtips national information centre of earthquake. Engineering nicee hosted at indian institute of technology kanpur iitk is intended to collect and maintain information resources on earthquake engineering and make these available to the interested professionals, researchers, academicians and others with a view to mitigate earthquake disasters in india.
Iitk bmtpc safety tips multilingual english, hindi, marathi, punjabi the tips cover basic introduction to earthquakes and terminology such as. The republic day earthquake of 26 january 2001 in gujarat clearly demonstrated the earthquake vulnerability profile of our country. Earthquake is a common disastrous phenomenon that each and every structure on earth may suffer to certain. Iitkgsdma guidelines for seismic design of liquid storage. The largest earthquake that has been recorded with this system is 9. Iaee guidelines for earthquake resistant non engineered construction english edition by nicee. Remedial measures to seismic effects for architectural and.
Analysis and design of regular and irregular buildings. National information centre of earthquake engineering. The line joining any two points within area of the convex. Learning earthquake tip 31 earthquake design construction. One tip was released every month for publication to all interested journals, magazines, and. Numerical analysis is carried out by using finite element software, diana on burnt clay brick masonry infilled single story single bay reinforced concrete frame under in plane lateral loading. So, a building resting on it will experience motion at its base. How architectural features affect building during earthquakes.
Earthquake tips, indian institute of technology, kanpur. There were casualties in almost all villages that experienced an intensity of. Cd containing iitk bmtpc series on earthquake tips cd containing the reconnaissance report of the north andaman deglipur earthquake inaugural session state project officer mr. National information centre of earthquake engineering nicee at iit kanpur has conducted an interschool quiz competition on earthquake tips. Murthy, building material and technology promotion council 15. He further said that the latest earthquake in afghanistan has occured on a fault line affecting areas in 240 kms of its range. In all 32 tips has been released and is targeted at persons interested in building. Designing buildings to behave elastically during earthquakes without damage may. An earthquake of magnitude 3 is the smallest normally felt by humans. The gujarat state disaster management authority gandhinagar and the indian institute of technology kanpur are happy to present the iitk gsdma guidelines on seismic design of liquid storage tanks to the professional engineering and architectural community in the country. Earthquake is a natural phenomenon occurring with all uncertainties during the earthquake, ground motions occur in a random fashion, both horizontally and vertically, in all directions radiating from epicenter these cause structures to vibrate and induce inertia forces on them.
The indian standards suggest minimum seismic separations between blocks of buildings. This publication, containing all the 24 tips, is targeted at persons. Earthquake tip 19 learning earthquake design and construction possible earthquake damage columns, the vertical members in rc buildings, contain two types of steel reinforcement, namely. This release is a property of iit kanpur and bmtpc new delhi. Eqtip19 earthquake tip 19 learning earthquake design and. Designing buildings to behave elastically during earthquakes without damage may render the project economically unviable. These bands include plinth band, lintel band and roof band. Seismic analysis of podium structure using static and. Iitkbmtpc earthquake tips learning seismic design and construction. The straight lengths of the band must be properly connected at the wall corners. Government of india, launched the iitkbmtpc series on earthquake tips in early 2002. Iitk bmtpc earthquake tips learning earthquake design and construction 2005 title.
In the past thirty years, moderate to severe earthquakes occurs around the world every year. It may be reproduced without changing its contents with due acknowledgement. A number of earthquakes also occur within the plate itself but away from the plate boundaries e. Iitk bmtpc, earthquake tips learning earthquake design and construction by c. Thus, adequate gap is necessary between these different blocks of the building. Earthquake resistant construction earthquakes masonry. He is a member of the earthquake engineering sectional committee of. Asian disaster management news, a newsletter of and for. Earthquake tip 8 learning earthquake design and iitkbmtpc. Infill walls move together with the columns under earthquake shaking. Toseeother iitkbmtpc earthquake tips, see may 2002. Types of earthquakes and faults most earthquakes in the world occur along the boundaries of the tectonic plates as described above and are called interplate earthquakes e.777 56 1077 708 832 1051 500 287 1507 578 267 1418 1521 1583 1274 455 290 1547 108 1135 227 203 390 71 842 571 1490 64 610 1351 1073 475 1472