Originally settled by ancient polynesians, todays residents from every continent remain nurtured by. The reduced flow allowed the stream mouth to be almost continually blocked by sand at kailua beach and resulted in stagnation and poor water. Wildlife programs kawainui marsh wetland restoration and. Bookends, a bookstore in kailua shopping center, has an excellent section on hawaiian history. Historical study of kawainui marsh area island of oeahu. Over the years, htf has fought to protect the integrity of this cultural, archaeological, and historic district. This is a treasuretrove of information and art for amateur ethnographers interested in ancient hawaiian culture and history. This three mile walk, popular with locals in the area, crosses a dam that protects kailua from flooding. Much of the history of the gradual transformation of kawai nui from a marine embayment resembling presentday kaneohe bay to a vegetation choked. Na pohaku o hauwahine kawainui marsh state park reserve in. The people of kailua have come together to restore the health of maunawili so that the valley can resume its vital and traditional role in the kailua ahupuaa as a place of freeflowing fresh water, abundant agriculture, and rich natural, cultural, and historic resources. Adjacent to the coconut grove area in kailua, the kawainui marsh drains 11.
Ahu 1902 this map shows different public lands, sisal plantations, homestead settlement tracts, grazing lands, pineapple lands, federal reservations, sugar plantations, forest reserves, wet lands, schools, and post offices. A long walk along the levee traverses kawainui marsh, a good birders spot. Kawainui marsh was once the basin at the center of the koolau volcano caldera. Lkoc history in kawainui marsh 1950 to present lkoc. These photos and much more are available in their new book that was just. In 1944, the outdoor circle published a lovely book called trees and flowers of the hawaiian islands, which included beautiful handtinted photos, a process popular at the time before color photography was widely available. Photographs of birds found in kawainui marsh and hamakua marsh, kailua, oahu, hawaii. Kawainui marsh took leadership role in researching and presenting threats to marsh by citys sewer project projected to go through marsh. Kawai nui marsh is a ramsar convention wetland site, established in february 2005.
It is now a wildlife refuge and home to four species of endangered water birds. The meeting point of the ocean and the freshwater streams of maunawili was kawainui marsh before development separated the two stream systems, cutting off kaelepulu stream from kawainui marsh. As part of flood control measures, the oneawa canal and levee started in 1950 and were completed a few years later. Whitton knows the best way to experience the island, from taking surf lessons at kuhio beach to birdwatching in kawainui marsh. Kawainui marsh and environs are declared eligible for listing in the national register of historic places as a cultural archeological and historic district. The ulupo heiau state historical site outdoor project. Kawainui marsh sacred to hawaiians, kawainui marsh, the largest remaining emergent wetland in hawaii and hawaiis largest ancient freshwater fishpond, is located in what was once the center of a caldera of the koolau shield volcano. Other project features include a trapezoidal channel, an earth levee, a silt basin, and drainage outlets. The health of kawainui, now a designated ramsar wetland of international importance, is dependent on the health of the mauka maunawili lands.
The location is not well known on oahu even though it is relatively easy to find. Tucked away in the charming coastal town of kailua is the kawainui marsh, an untouched treasure of old hawaii. To educate and bring awareness to the deep history of kawainui marsh and wetlands and its integral role in the community of kailua. A bishop museum report on archaeological excavations of the marshland. Past, present, future this great fresh water marsh of some 1,000 acres sitting just mauka of kailua town is explored as a significant archeological site of early hawaiian culture, as a flood control and filter of the millions of gallons of water flowing daily from the ko. The hawaiian stilt, the hawaiian coot, the hawaiian common gallinule, and the hawaiian duck. Kawai nui marsh, near kailua on the windward eastern side of the island, is the largest wetlands in the hawaiian islands, a beautiful 830acre wilderness that came close to evaporating due to proposed urban development. As a kailuabased group of volunteers, we are committed stewards and stakeholders in this effort, with no vested interest other than its preservation as a wetland and wildlife refuge, as well as a significant cultural and archaeological site, important. The verdant triangular plain, which spreads out below the hills for nearly a thousand acres, is kawai nui marsh a ramsar wetland site. Go for a run, trial a novice biker, and bring the stroller.
Oclcs webjunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus. Participated in preparation of winning brief for nukolii, kauai lawsuit. Queens beach joined forces opposing resort development. Kawainui marsh restoration project through a joint project between the army corps of engineers and the hawaii department of forestry and wildlife dofaw, the southern portion of kawaianui marsh was restored to create a habitat for four endangered hawaiian waterbirds. When flood waters overtopped the levee and flooded coconut grove in the december 31, 1987january 1, 1988 flood, the levee was raised and floodwall added. Kailua hard cover book in 2010 the society published kailua which takes readers. The surface of the marsh lies at an average elevation of about 1. Arriving missionaries came from a world where their history was enclosed in books. The area supported a large native hawaiian population who managed the resource. I have been busy taking my family to see as many of the ancient hawaiian cultural sites featured in the book ancient sites of oahu. As a kailuabased group of volunteers, we are committed stewards and stakeholders in this effort, with no vested interest other than its preservation as a wetland and wildlife refuge, as well as a significant cultural and archaeological site, important to understanding the historical. The rebirth of kawainui marsh honolulu starbulletin.
Historical study of kawainui marsh area island of oeahu kelly, m on. Located in kailua on oahu, kawainui marsh provides an important habitat for four endangered species of native hawaiian waterbirds. The marsh drained through wetlands along kawai nui stream. Hiking and biking on oahus windward side hachette book group. My son, who is currently involved in a voyage around the world on 2 polynesian canoes, one of which was designed over 40 years ago by herb kane, the author of this book, was really, really happy to receive a first edition copy of this book for christmas. Covering more than 800 acres, it is considered as the largest wetlands in the hawaiian islands. It is a wildlife sanctuary owned by dlnr and home to four species of endemic and endangered waterbirds. Along the ridges of the great koolau mountain range falls a lot of rain water which ultimately ends up in maunuwili stream and down into kawainui marsh, which is the great wetland of the area, and home for many ancient myths and stories.
Kawainui marsh trail kids activities in oahu little bird. See 20 photos and 3 tips from 128 visitors to kawainui marsh. Photograph of the kawainui marsh flood control project, located in kailua on the northeast coast of the island of oahu. Kawainui marsh is an expansive marshland located near kailua on the windward side of oahu. Honolulu district civil works projects kawai nui marsh.
The kawainui state park reserve encompasses 12 acres and sits at an archaeological site with rich cultural significance and history. Kawainui marsh restoration project oahu forestry and. Kailua is also home to the states largest wetland kawainui marsh which sprawls over 800 acres. The latest location we visited was na pohaku o hauwahine.
The photographers and botanists who are featured in the book. Kawainui marsh fishing reports recently shared catches and fishing spots. Pdf download written by marion kelly and jeffrey t. Kawainui marsh was neither a crown land nor government land.
Kawainui press by herb kawainui kane 1998 by herb kawainui kane ancient hawaii by herb kawainui kane aug 23, 1998 voyagers by kane, herb kawainui published by whalesong 1st first edition 1993 paperback historical study of kawainui marsh area island of oeahu by m kelly 1981. When it opened to the public in 1707 it was the first public library in ireland. Kawainui marsh wetland restoration and habitat enhancement. Its frustrating and amusing how online searches for pele are bogged down by results on the. Hauwahine is a shapeshifting hawaiian diety who protects kawainui marsh, the largest open wetland of kailua.
Kailua native hawaiian organizations have been working and stewarding at kawainui marsh for decades restoring lo. Kawainui press by herb kawainui kane 1998 by herb kawainui kane ancient hawaii by herb kawainui kane aug 23, 1998 voyagers by kane, herb kawainui published by whalesong 1st first edition 1993 paperback historical study of kawainui marsh area island of. Reliable information about the coronavirus covid19 is available from the world health organization current situation, international travel. Project muse sedimentary carbon and nitrogen dynamics. Patricks cathedral, dublin, ireland is a wellpreserved library of the late renaissance and early enlightenment. Kailua hard cover book in 2010 the society published kailua which takes readers on a journey through the historical and contemporary landscape of the ahupua. We took a nice walk along the path that borders the marsh and saw lots of birdsducks including ducklings, herons, egrets, tons of hawiian cardinals, a regular cardinal, and lots of doves. Archaeological excavations in kawainui marsh island of oahu. The marsh is home to numerous migratory, introduced and indigenous waterbirds, including the endangered hawaiian stilt aeo, coot alae keokeo, duck koloa and moorhen alae ula. The kawainui marsh trail better known as the levy in kailua is a scenic, paved trail that is about 1. Kawainui marsh in kailua encompasses over 800 acres of beautiful wetlands. Historical and archaeological studies departmental report series by m kelly isbn. Na pohaku o hauwahine is the given name of a 12acre piece of state property under the department of land and natural resources dlnr, division of state parks and part of the kawainui state park reserve.
Since our founding in 1980, we have worked for the protection of the kawainui marsh and it has remained one of our core issues. There is a popular walking trail along kawainui marsh, one of the few wetland ecosystems on oahu and home to several species of native waterbirds like the hawaiian coot, hawaiian moorhen, and the hawaiian stilt along with a host of other feathered inhabitants. November 10, 2011 student from le jardin academy report on kawainui marsh, once oahus biggest fishpond. The kailua historical society has several items available for purchase. If you like looking for birds, its a fun place to walk and get some exercise. Kawainui marsh wetland restoration and habitat enhancement plan the state department of land and natural resources, division of forestry and wildlife is implementing restoration improvements to about 80 acres of kawainui marsh located in kailua district of the island of oahu. In kamehamehas time in kailua there was a shortage of food, in particular, taro. The kawainuihamakua marsh complex is the largest extant wetland in hawaii with a explosive geological past, significant natural resources, and a cultural history that spans over 1,000 years. According to the determination, kawainui marsh is important as a. To understand the cause of flooding in the kailua area, it is important to understand the dynamic processes of the events that took place during the storm in the kawainui marsh area. Jun 04, 2007 friends of the marsh groups that work to protect and enhance kawainui marsh include ahahui malama i ka lokahi, kailua hawaiian civic club, the kawai nui heritage foundation, ameron hawaii, hawaii audubon society, hawaiis thousand friends, kailua historical society and the state department of land and natural resources, state parks and forestry and wildlife divisions.
Ancient hawaiians once utilized kawainui as a freshwater fishpond. The early hawaiians who named the area had a propensity for naming places after physical characteristics and this one is no exception. Ramsar national committee designated the kawainui and hamakua marsh complex as a wetlands of international importance. You can see how kawainui families moved over time by selecting different census years. The kawainuihamakua marsh complex is the largest extant wetland in hawaii with a explosive geological past, significant natural resources, and a cultural history. Paul brennan speaks on the topic of kawainui marsh posted on april 2, 2019 by wendyrobertsfineart march 8 10 was the weekend for creating art starting the process of going onsite to make art related to the historical education we listened to throughout february and early march. As a kailuabased group of volunteers, we are committed stewards and stakeholders in this effort, with no vested interest other than its preservation as a wetland and wildlife refuge, as well as a significant cultural and archaeological site, important to understanding the historical roots of pre and postcontact human presence in hawaii. The kawainui family name was found in the usa in 1920. Sep 04, 2011 a long walk along the levee traverses kawainui marsh, a good birders spot. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. The marsh provides primary habitat for four of hawaiis endemic and endangered waterbirds, including laysan duck.
It is a unique way to experience hawaii and my kids really enjoy it. While theres birdwatching aplenty, the marsh also boasts dozens of species of fish and other aquatic life, as well as rare, native flora. The kawainui marsh trail is a great family friendly walk in the kailua area of oahu. Today the marsh and its archeological sites are being cleaned and their grandeur revealed to the public. Kailuas historical landmarks kawainui marsh sacred to hawaiians, kawainui marsh, the largest remaining emergent wetland in hawaii and hawaiis largest ancient freshwater fishpond, is located in what was once the center of a caldera of the koolau shield volcano.
It overlooks the kawainui marsh and is surrounded by wellmaintained beds of taro, irrigated from a natural stream, watercress, and trees bearing coconuts, bananas and noni fruit. Much of the history of the gradual transformation of kawai nui from a marine. Kawainui marsh history, lanikai, waimanalo parts even mokapu military base, campos dairy farm and so. Bookends, a bookstore in kailua shopping center, has an excellent section on hawaiian history and guidebooks for bird. Fresh water is the most valuable thing on an island surrounded by salt water, and kailua became a. I purchased this for research purposes, as i wanted to learn more about pele beyond the wikipedia entry. Support some of hawaiis most endangered waterbirds. From the top of the dam there are beautiful views of the koolau range and the kawainui marsh which is largest wetland in hawaii. The mission of dlnrs division of forestry and wildlife is to responsibly manage and protect watersheds, native ecosystems, and cultural resources and provide outdoor recreation and sustainable forest products opportunities, while facilitating partnerships, community involvement and education. Hawaii had the highest population of kawainui families in 1920. Pdf download written by jane allenwheeler date of publication. Our results show that humans have impacted kawainui marsh in two main ways, upland indirect impact and wetland direct influence. Because of this, him and his men went to kawainui to eat the edible mud that was brought from kahiki sterling 256. Jun 24, 2014 tucked away in the ahupuaa of kailua lies kawainui marsh.
The parcel is located along kapaa quarry road in kailua oahu overlooking kawainui marsh. The lanikailua outdoor circle lkoc has been actively involved with the preservation and protection of kawainui marsh for the past 70 years. The state department of land and natural resources, division of forestry and wildlife is implementing restoration improvements to about 80 acres of kawainui. Construction of the kawai nui flood control levee in 1966 cut off flow from the 800acre kawainui marsh to the 5acre kawai nui stream, hamakua wetland, and kaelepulu pond and wetland. The milelong path is a raised, paved trail that crosses the marsh from kailua. Originally settled by ancient polynesians, todays residents from every continent remain nurtured by her land and waters. Kawai nui marsh kailua 2020 all you need to know before. This special mud, the lepo ai ia, was said to be unique to kawainui. Maunawili valley contains wetlands, streams, and more than 50 freshwater springs that provide the largest natural water source flowing into the kawainui marsh. In 1920 there was 1 kawainui family living in hawaii.
Kawainui marsh is on the windward side of oahu in what was once the. Historical photos courtesy of the kailua historical society. Jan 01, 2017 here we report results of a multibiogeochemical proxy investigation of sedimentary carbon and nitrogen dynamics of a coastal wetland, kawainui marsh, on the island of oahu, hawaii. The trail that travels through the marsh offers incredible views of the majestic koolau mountains, setting a beautiful backdrop for visitors. Apr 02, 2014 volunteer work day at kawainui marsh aloha aina join us this and every first saturday for the kawainui volunteer day. Eventually, that sandbar turned into the town of kailua that we know of today.
Hauwahines relationship to birds is mentioned in the story of hiiakas visit. Over 4000 years ago, this marsh was an inland sea, which later became a sandbar. Kawainui marsh environmental education initiative support the kawainui hamakua marsh complex master plan kawainui marsh is the largest wetland in the state of hawaii and the only wetland in hawaii to be recognized as a wetland of international importance by the ramsar convention, an environmental branch of the united nations. The area has a rich cultural and geographical history. Numerous and frequentlyupdated resource results are available from this search. Oahu resident kevin whitton provides a fresh look at one of americas most beloved vacation spots in moon oahu. The item you are bidding on is a rare rare hawaiiana oahu history book titled the history of kailua spiralbound, approx 120 pages, maps of the area, then timelines and blurbs on the different years when stores opened, kawainui marsh history. Hamakua marsh and the adjacent kawainui marsh make up the largest remaining wetland habitat in the state. This was 100% of all the recorded kawainui s in the usa. Kawainui marsh also functions as a flood storage basin to protect kailua. Kawai nui flow restoration experiment final report. Hawaii dlnr department of land and natural resources facebook.1039 1336 97 1474 1112 970 89 947 558 369 1284 1550 52 817 565 838 937 208 1512 636 1371 618 737 318 1490 1386 521